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What are the three major reasons for the burning of the cutting nozzle of CNC plasma cutting machine?

Apr 18, 2019

What are the three major reasons for the burning of the cutting nozzle of CNC plasma cutting machine?

  CNC plasma cutting machine accessories, nozzle is an extremely important consumables, cutting nozzle as a wearing part of the CNC cutting machine torch, the loss of replacement during use is normal. In use, there are different degrees of reflections such as high frequency of cutting nozzle replacement and serious loss.

 

 

1. Pass the mixed gas through a high frequency arc. The gas may be air or a mixture of hydrogen, argon and nitrogen. High-frequency arcs "decompose" or ionize some gases into basic atomic particles, producing "plasma." Then, the arc jumps onto the stainless steel workpiece, and the high pressure gas blows the plasma out of the torch burner at an exit velocity of 800 to 1000 meters per second. Thus, the high energy released when the various gases in the plasma are restored to the normal state produces a high temperature of 2700 °C. This temperature is almost twice the melting point of stainless steel. Thereby the stainless steel is rapidly melted and the molten metal is blown away by the jetted high pressure gas stream. Therefore, it is necessary to use a smoke evacuation and deslagging device.

 

 

 

 

 2. If the CNC plasma cutting machine is used improperly, it can also cause damage. For example, when cutting, the cutting nozzle is too close to the steel plate (generally 100A plasma cutting is usually not less than 3~8 mm from the steel plate), and the external input voltage is too high. Or unstable.

 

 

3, the material of the cutting workpiece, the thickness, and the cutting process arrangement, etc., the material of the cutting workpiece, the electrode nozzles of the board, stainless steel, cast iron and other materials consume less, some metal materials consume more accessories, the cutting thickness is about 10mm The plate is reasonable to save the nozzle. I don’t know if there is a plate of 16mm or more. If the plate is cut more than 16mm, it is more expensive. If you need to pierce and cut frequently during the work, then No more than twice as many nozzles as regular edge arc cutting.